K-562 (ATCC® CCL-243)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Tissue: bone marrow  /  Disease: chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue bone marrow
Product Format frozen
Morphology lymphoblast
Culture Properties suspension
Biosafety Level 1
Disease chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
Age 53 years
Gender female
Applications
This cell line is suitable as a transfection host.

The K-562 cell line has attained widespread use as a highly sensitive in vitro target for the natural killer assay. Cultures from the ATCC stock have been shown to exhibit this sensitivity for assessing human natural killer activity.See Pross, et al. for a detailed analysis of the in vitro assay of NK cells including the mathematics of quantitation of NK cell activity.
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Karyotype The stemline chromosome number is triploid with the 2S component occurring at 4.2%. Fifteen markers (M1 and M(15)) occurred in nearly all S metaphases. Spontaneous non-specific dicentrics occurred, but rarely. Unstable markers were also rarely seen. The X was disomic, and N9 was nullisomic.
Images
Derivation
The continuous cell line K-562 was established by Lozzio and Lozzio from the pleural effusion of a 53-year-old female with chronic myelogenous leukemia in terminal blast crises.

Clinical Data
female
53 years
Antigen Expression CD7 (25%)
Tumorigenic Yes
Effects

Yes, in nude mice

Tumors developed within 21 days at 100% frequency (5/5) in nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with 107 cells 

Comments
The cell population has been characterized as highly undifferentiated and of the granulocytic series.
Studies conducted by Anderson, et al., on the surface membrane properties led to the conclusion that the K-562 was a human erythroleukemia line.
K-562 blasts are multipotential, hematopoietic malignant cells that spontaneously differentiate into recognizable progenitors of the erythrocytic, granulocytic and monocytic series.
The effect of inducers on sublines derived from the original K-562 cell line have been reviewed by Koeffler and Golde.
Karyological studies on various K-562 sublines have been classified into three groups (A,B,C) by Dimery, et al.

The strain obtained by the ATCC most closely resembles the B population. Occurrence of the Philadelphia chromosome, however, was of much lower frequency; none detected in 15 metaphases examined.

The line is EBNA negative.

 

Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Iscove's Modified Dulbecco's Medium, Catalog No. 30-2005. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Subculturing
Cultures can be maintained by the addition or replacement of fresh medium. Start new cultures at 1 x 105 viable cells/mL. Subculture at 1 x 106 cells/mL. Corning® T-75 flasks (catalog #431464) are recommended for subculturing this product.
Medium Renewal: Every 2 to 3 days
Cryopreservation
Freeze medium: Complete growth medium 95%; DMSO, 5%
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor temperature
Culture Conditions
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 9,10
D13S317: 8
D16S539: 11,12
D5S818: 11,12
D7S820: 9,11
THO1: 9.3
TPOX: 8,9
vWA: 16
Isoenzymes
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 1
G6PD, B
GLO-I, 2
Me-2, 0
PGM1, 0
PGM3, 1
Name of Depositor HT Holden
References

Koeffler HP, Golde DW. Human myeloid leukemia cell lines: a review. Blood 56: 344-350, 1980. PubMed: 6996765

Ortaldo JR, et al. Specificity of natural cytotoxic reactivity of normal human lymphocytes against a myeloid leukemia cell line. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 59: 77-82, 1977. PubMed: 69036

Lozzio CB, Lozzio BB. Human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell-line with positive Philadelphia chromosome. Blood 45: 321-334, 1975. PubMed: 163658

Lozzio BB, Lozzio CB. Properties and usefulness of the original K-562 human myelogenous leukemia cell line. Leuk. Res. 3: 363-370, 1979. PubMed: 95026

Andersson LC, et al. K562--a human erythroleukemic cell line. Int. J. Cancer 23: 143-147, 1979. PubMed: 367973

Lozzio BB, et al. A multipotential leukemia cell line (K-562) of human origin. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 166: 546-550, 1981. PubMed: 7194480

Dimery IW, et al. Variation amongst K562 cell cultures. Exp. Hematol. 11: 601-610, 1983. PubMed: 6576909

Chan YJ, et al. Two distinct upstream regulatory domains containing multicopy cellular transcription factor binding sites provide basal repression and inducible enhancer characteristics to the immediate-early IES (US3) promoter from human cytomegalovirus. J. Virol. 70: 5312-5328, 1996. PubMed: 8764042

Kolanus W, et al. alphaLbeta2 integrin/LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 induced by cytohesin-1 a cytoplasmic regulatory molecule. Cell 86: 233-242, 1996. PubMed: 8706128

Gan W, Rhoads RE. Internal initiation of translation directed by the 5'-untranslated region of the mRNA for eIF4G, a factor involved in the picornavirus-induced switch from cap-dependent to internal initiation. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 623-626, 1996. PubMed: 8557663

Tiffany HL, et al. Enhanced expression of the eosinophil-derived neurotoin ribonuclease (RNS2) gene requires interaction between the promoter and intron. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 12387-12393, 1996. PubMed: 8647842

Chan YJ, et al. Synergistic interactions between overlapping binding sites for the serum response factor and ELK-1 proteins mediate both basal enhancement and phorbol ester responsiveness of primate cytomegalovirus. J. Virol. 70: 8590-8605, 1996. PubMed: 8970984

Nauseel WM, et al. Effect of the R569W missense mutation on the biosynthesis of myeloperoxidase. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 9546-9549, 1996. PubMed: 8621627

Grune T, et al. Degradation of oxidized proteins in K562 human hematopoietic cells by proteasome. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 15504-15509, 1996. PubMed: 8663134

Jondal M, Pross H. Surface markers on human b and t lymphocytes. VI. Cytotoxicity against cell lines as a functional marker for lymphocyte subpopulations. Int. J. Cancer 15: 596-605, 1975. PubMed: 806545

West WH, et al. Natural cytotoxic reactivity of human lymphocytes against a myeloid cell line: characterization of effector cells. J. Immunol. 118: 355-361, 1977. PubMed: 299761

Pross HF, et al. Spontaneous human lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity against tumor target cells. IX. The quantitation of natural killer cell activity. J. Clin. Immunol. 1: 51-63, 1981. PubMed: 7334070

Chen TR. Modal karyotype of human leukemia cell line, K562 (ATCC CCL 243). Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 17: 55-60, 1985. PubMed: 3857109

Wu SQ, et al. Extensive amplification of bcr/abl fusion genes clustered on three marker chromosomes in human leukemic cell line K-562. Leukemia 9: 858-862, 1995. PubMed: 7769849

Cross References

Nucleotide (GenBank) : X96391 H.sapiens mRNA for alternatively spliced isoform of CLC-6 chloride channel.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF146430 Homo sapiens cell-line K562 sodium/hydrogen exchanger isoform 1 mRNA, complete cds.

Basic Documentation
Other Documentation
References

Koeffler HP, Golde DW. Human myeloid leukemia cell lines: a review. Blood 56: 344-350, 1980. PubMed: 6996765

Ortaldo JR, et al. Specificity of natural cytotoxic reactivity of normal human lymphocytes against a myeloid leukemia cell line. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 59: 77-82, 1977. PubMed: 69036

Lozzio CB, Lozzio BB. Human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell-line with positive Philadelphia chromosome. Blood 45: 321-334, 1975. PubMed: 163658

Lozzio BB, Lozzio CB. Properties and usefulness of the original K-562 human myelogenous leukemia cell line. Leuk. Res. 3: 363-370, 1979. PubMed: 95026

Andersson LC, et al. K562--a human erythroleukemic cell line. Int. J. Cancer 23: 143-147, 1979. PubMed: 367973

Lozzio BB, et al. A multipotential leukemia cell line (K-562) of human origin. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 166: 546-550, 1981. PubMed: 7194480

Dimery IW, et al. Variation amongst K562 cell cultures. Exp. Hematol. 11: 601-610, 1983. PubMed: 6576909

Chan YJ, et al. Two distinct upstream regulatory domains containing multicopy cellular transcription factor binding sites provide basal repression and inducible enhancer characteristics to the immediate-early IES (US3) promoter from human cytomegalovirus. J. Virol. 70: 5312-5328, 1996. PubMed: 8764042

Kolanus W, et al. alphaLbeta2 integrin/LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 induced by cytohesin-1 a cytoplasmic regulatory molecule. Cell 86: 233-242, 1996. PubMed: 8706128

Gan W, Rhoads RE. Internal initiation of translation directed by the 5'-untranslated region of the mRNA for eIF4G, a factor involved in the picornavirus-induced switch from cap-dependent to internal initiation. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 623-626, 1996. PubMed: 8557663

Tiffany HL, et al. Enhanced expression of the eosinophil-derived neurotoin ribonuclease (RNS2) gene requires interaction between the promoter and intron. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 12387-12393, 1996. PubMed: 8647842

Chan YJ, et al. Synergistic interactions between overlapping binding sites for the serum response factor and ELK-1 proteins mediate both basal enhancement and phorbol ester responsiveness of primate cytomegalovirus. J. Virol. 70: 8590-8605, 1996. PubMed: 8970984

Nauseel WM, et al. Effect of the R569W missense mutation on the biosynthesis of myeloperoxidase. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 9546-9549, 1996. PubMed: 8621627

Grune T, et al. Degradation of oxidized proteins in K562 human hematopoietic cells by proteasome. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 15504-15509, 1996. PubMed: 8663134

Jondal M, Pross H. Surface markers on human b and t lymphocytes. VI. Cytotoxicity against cell lines as a functional marker for lymphocyte subpopulations. Int. J. Cancer 15: 596-605, 1975. PubMed: 806545

West WH, et al. Natural cytotoxic reactivity of human lymphocytes against a myeloid cell line: characterization of effector cells. J. Immunol. 118: 355-361, 1977. PubMed: 299761

Pross HF, et al. Spontaneous human lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity against tumor target cells. IX. The quantitation of natural killer cell activity. J. Clin. Immunol. 1: 51-63, 1981. PubMed: 7334070

Chen TR. Modal karyotype of human leukemia cell line, K562 (ATCC CCL 243). Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 17: 55-60, 1985. PubMed: 3857109

Wu SQ, et al. Extensive amplification of bcr/abl fusion genes clustered on three marker chromosomes in human leukemic cell line K-562. Leukemia 9: 858-862, 1995. PubMed: 7769849