MDCK.2 (ATCC® CRL-2936)

Organism: Canis familiaris, dog  /  Tissue: kidney; distal tubule  /  Disease: normal

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Organism Canis familiaris, dog
Tissue kidney; distal tubule
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial-like
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1

Biosafety classification is based on U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines, it is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country.

Disease normal
Age adult
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Karyotype hyperdiploid canine cell line with a modal chromosome number of 91 with low polyploidy rate. Several unidentifiable marker chromosomes were present in most of the cells examined.
Cell line was derived by cloning (limited dilution) the parental cell line MDCK (ATCC CCL-34).
Antigen Expression
E-cadherin (epithelial cell adhesion molecule), expressed
Zona Occludens (ZO-1) (tight junction protein), expressed
fibroblast-specific protein (FSP), not expressed
cytokeratin (CK1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 18, 19),expressed
sialic receptors: alpha 2,3-galactose (avian)and alpha 2,6-galactose (human); expressed
Genes Expressed
Zona Occludens (ZO-1) (tight junction protein), expressed,E-cadherin (epithelial cell adhesion molecule), expressed,fibroblast-specific protein (FSP), not expressed ,cytokeratin (CK1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 18, 19),expressed,sialic receptors: alpha 2,3-galactose (avian)and alpha 2,6-galactose (human); expressed
Virus Susceptibility Influenza A virus
Influenza B virus
This cell line is susceptible to a wide range of influenza virus and is sensitive to epsilon toxin of C. perfringens.
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Eagle's Minimum Essential Medium, Catalog No. 30-2003. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Volumes used in this protocol are for 75 cm2 flasks; proportionally reduce or increase amount of dissociation medium for culture vessels of other sizes.
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with Ca++/Mg++ free Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline (D-PBS) or 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin - 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum which contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 1.0 to 2.0 mL of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels. An inoculum of 1 X 104 to 2 X 104 viable cells/cm2 is recommended.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C. Subculture when the cell concentration is between 7 X 104 and 1 X 105 cells/cm2.

Subcultivation ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1: 2 to 1:6 is recommended.
Medium renewal: Every 2 to 3 days.

Freeze medium: Complete growth medium, 95%; DMSO, 5%
liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Culture Conditions
Temperature: 37°C
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Population Doubling Time approximately 22 hours
Name of Depositor Y. Reid, E. Cedrone and E-Eckard-Amar, ATCC
Year of Origin Jan 2007

Cedrone E, et al. Tissue-culture adapted Influenza virus strains. ATCC Connection volume 29 (2): 4-5 and 15, 2009.

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation
Other Documentation

Cedrone E, et al. Tissue-culture adapted Influenza virus strains. ATCC Connection volume 29 (2): 4-5 and 15, 2009.